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What is Ophthalmology?

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Ophthalmology
Ophthalmology is the branch of professional medicine that deals with the eye and other components of the visual pathway. The field of ophthalmology also includes surgical procedures on the eye and related areas, and study and research into the treatment of eye disease.

An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specializes in eye and vision care. An ophthalmologist has completed standard medical school and is a licensed doctor (M.D.), but has also undergone additional specialized training and residency experience in all aspects of eye care.

An Eye M.D., as ophthalmologists are often referred to due to their medical license, can provide the full range of vision care and treatment, from vision testing and lenses prescriptions, to surgery and other medical procedures.
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